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Nepal is very rich flora and fauna. Nepal lies between Gangetic plain and Tibetan plateau providing ideal place for diversified forest. The total forest area of Nepal is about 43000 square km. It is consists 29% of the total land area of this country. Typically, the forest of Nepal is classified on the basis of geography and climate into three kinds. They are tropical forest, temperate forest and alpine forest. Among them Chitwan jungle safari tour is done in tropical forest. Forest up to a maximum elevation of about 4,000 ft. comes under this category. Area of this forest is from Southern terai plains to Churia hills. These forests mostly remain evergreen. Nepal has a total of 10 National Parks, 3 wildlife reserves, 6 conservation areas and 1 hunting reserve covering a total of 28,999 sq km which is 19.7 % of the country’s total land. Nepal has recorded 181 mammal species, 844 bird species, 100 reptile species, 43 amphibian species, 185 freshwater fish species, and 635 butterfly species. Furthermore it has recorded 1,120 species of non-flowering plants and 5,160 species of flowering plants making Nepal the top destination for natural sightseeing.
Safari mostly refers to trips to observe wildlife or hiking and sight-seeing as well. Jungle Safari refers to safari related to forest and wildlife. Nepal jungle safari mostly concentrated in Chitwan National Park and Bardiya National Park . Animals like Bengal fox, Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, corsac fox (Vulpes corsac), rhinoceros, elephant, marbled cat, red panda, snow leopard, Tibetan fox, Tibetan wolf, wild yak, wild water buffalo ,Himalayan musk deer, gharial are few which you can see in different national parks. Jungle safari in Nepal is concentrated in animals like rhinoceros, elephant and occasionally Bengal tiger. Viewing a one-horned rhinoceros is a real achievement. There are only about 2,500 one-horned rhinoceros left in the world, almost all of them in Chitwan Nepal and Kaziranga National Park in northeast India.
Although tourist doesn’t typically come for safaris in Nepal, area like Chitwan, a well-conserved national park of the terai lowlands in the south of the country, is one of the best places to spot for safari. Safari is done through van or elephant back where 4 to 6 people can sit in elephant. Some tourist prefers boat riding and walking through forest with help of seasoned guide.
Nepal jungle safari differs from traditional safari. A Nepalese safari offers more potential adventures than just seeing rare wild animals consisting of cultural, religious, historical and heritage tourism. Between safari tourist can enjoy local homestay where you can interact to local eat local cuisine; participate in cultural and traditional activities like dancing and singing. Some areas of Nepal provide leisure activities like club, party and sun bathing in riverbank. Gharial and elephant husbandry farms are gaining popularities and attracting large number of tourists.
For travelling bus and airplane are easily available near this destination. Travel agency and tour operators all offer a long list of modestly priced activities, including safaris by vehicle, elephant-back riding, boat riding, walking and canoeing. These agencies provides guide for bird watching, rafting and climbing on the backs of elephants to get a wet ride as they dunk themselves in a river. So for little extra cost you can get hassle free jungle safari adventure. It is always advisable to travel through Agency.